With settlements dating from the last Ice Age, some 12,500 years ago, Syria’s ancient city of Aleppo was constructed before the Great Pyramid of Egypt.
The Old City of Aleppo, which was tragically affected by the Syrian civil war and eartquake, is thought by some historians to be the oldest city in the world.
Aleppo is an ancient advanced civilization that existed before the Egyptians vanished from history because archaeological studies indicate that it has been a major population hub since the last Ice Age. Its area was roughly 1.2 square kilometers, or 160 hectares, according to experts, and a 5 km wall was likely built around it.
The earliest mention of Aleppo is from the Third Millennium BC (2,000–3000 BC), but it was known as Armi at the time. Armi was a city-state under the kingdom of Ebla, one of the earliest to possess great power and the third-most significant center of civilization after Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Inhabited since the Ice Age
However, it has been inhabited since the last Ice Age, which spans from 110,000 to 10,000 BC, and even before the Bronze Age. An archaeological dig was conducted 24 kilometers from Aleppo’s ancient city core. According to these digs, the city has been inhabited for roughly 13,000 years.
This region of Syria is among the oldest places on Earth that have been continually inhabited for a longer period of time. The ancient metropolis is around 8,000 years older than the Great Pyramid of Giza, which was constructed around 2560 BC. Additionally, it is significantly older than the Pyramid of Djoser, the first pyramid ever constructed in Egypt.
So, by 10,560 BC, when the last Ice Age was starting to expire, this Syrian region was already populated and had an urban center.
Since no documents from these towns have been discovered, its earliest name is unclear, but it first occurs on clay tablets from Sumer with cuneiform writing, which dates to around 5,000 years ago. The city is shown on the tablets as an economic and military powerhouse, indicating that it had a long history in the Middle East.
Since the new city was constructed on the ruins of the ancient town, it is unfortunate that the ancient city of Aleppo has not been well investigated. In addition, since 2011, it has been impacted by the Syrian civil war, with 30% of it destroyed.
It should be remembered that the oldest temple in human history, Göbekli Tepe, which dates from the same period as ancient Aleppo, was built by a mysterious group of people 230 kilometers north of Aleppo, already in Turkey.
There are 20 stone circles and 200 massive pillars at Göbekli Tepe. Because it demonstrates that complex structures were created by hunter-gatherer people millennia before the Egyptians, this monument has attracted interest.
A nearly undiscovered advanced society flourished from the end of the Ice Age, according to ancient Aleppo.
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